ABOUT THE SYSTEM OF CONCEPTS FOR CONCEPTUAL RESEARCH OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES
Leonid A. Reingold
In conditions of ubiquitous introduction of IT in all spheres of society life, development of conceptual provisions that help to comprehend the changes taking place, ensuring semantic interoperability in the interaction of IT users among themselves and with the computer infrastructure is actual. The article considers the approach to the application of the system of concepts in the field of information technologies, which can be used by all categories of users: end users of IT, specialists, the state, scientists. In a single conceptual framework, concepts such as object, subject, situation, conditions, etc. are presented. The concept of IT metaphor is considered. It is proposed to perceive the IT metaphor as a tool for ensuring semantic interoperability between subject areas and mutual understanding between different categories of IT users. This will allow solving research, design and daily tasks, including creating social and economic constraints, as well as preventing regulatory and legal problems arising in the implementation of IT. An example of the application of the approach as a conceptual basis for constructing an automated system structuring human activity in various subject areas is considered.
semantic interoperability, digitalization, Internet of things, IT metaphor, virtualization, conditions, situational awareness